Smart Cities Mission of the Central Government is based on the fact there is rapid urbanization taking place which will see many cities emerge. Currently, about 31 percent of India’s population lives in urban areas which contribute to more than 60 percent of national GDP. In next 15 years, at current pace of urbanization, about 40 percent of population will live in cities contributing about 75 percent to our GDP. With this in view, it is important that cities develop in a well-planned manner to not just house these people but also to sustain pressure on land, be economically and environmentally viable and sustainable and shall provide ‘Smart Solutions’ to people.
The core of this Mission revolves around 2 themes:
- Presence of Core Infrastructure Elements, and
- Smart Solutions
Core Infrastructure Elements, as defined in the Mission Statement document of this project are:
- Sufficient Water Supply
- Assured Electricity
- Good Sanitation and solid waste management
- Efficient urban mobility and public transportation systems
- Affordable housing with poor in view
- IT connectivity
- Good Governance, based on e-Governance and participation of citizens
- Sustainable environment
- Safety and security of citizens
- Health and Education facilities
Smart Solutions, as defined in the document are indicative and could include more. These are:
|E-Governance and Citizen Participation
||Smart Metres & proper management
||Converting waste to energy and fuel
||Renewable energy focus
||Converting waste to compost
|Electronic service delivery
||Energy efficient buildings
||Treatments of waste water
||Recycling of C&D waster
|Video Crime Monitoring
|Smart Parking provisions
||Smart Metres & Mgt
|Intelligent traffic mgt
|Multi-modal integrated transport
||Trade facilitation centres
||Water Quality Monitoring
||Skill Development Centres
To begin with, the project will cover 100 cities in a 5 year time period. This will be done with a three-pronged approach of either city improvement, or city renewal or city extension. Besides, there will be implementation of Smart Solutions mentioned above with Pan-city initiatives. Please note that Pan-city solutions will cover entire city irrespective of which model of development is being used for it. Let us take a little deeper look into these 3 strategies of development of Smart Cities.
City Improvement, which has become famous by the name of Retrofitting, will be initiated in an already developed area to make it more efficient and liveable. Within a city, an area of 500 acres would be identified in consultation with the citizens of the city for implementing retrofitting initiatives. The laying of cemented roads in some sectors of Faridabad which you would be noticing is a part of this project. Sectors 21 A, B, C, 28, 29, 30, 19 and 16 of Faridabad are being developed under the retrofitting model.
Redevelopment, the second approach, would seek to replace an existing developed environment with a view to create new layout with mixed land use and increased density through higher FSI and high ground coverage. An area of 50 acres would be identified for this purpose by Urban Local Bodies in consultation with the citizens of the city.
Greendfield City development, the third approach, will be carried out in a new area of more than 250 acres which has not been developed yet. These would be developed around the existing cities with affordable housing for the poor and to absorb rising population of existing cities.
Selection of Cities
For this project selection of cities is to be done based on spirit of “competitive and cooperative federalism”. Each state will be allocated a quota of cities to be developed. And, the cities within a state or union territory would compete with each other to be selected. These will have to make a presentation for their eligibility to get selected.
The top five states with highest number of quota for these cities are:
|Karnataka and Gujarat
State of Haryana has been allocated 2 cities. Faridabad and Karnal have won over others for this Mission. (read here on how Faridabad made it to the list)